Welcome to the Online Clann Tartan Newsletter for April 2005


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Announcements

Still looking for thoughts on Why We Do What We Do

—and what will make it more fun for you.

What are you looking for in Clann? What can we do better? What are we doing well? Please let us know—we all want this to be a fun, fulfilling experience for everyone.

Send info to Mary McKinley at the previously posted info—snail mail:
Mary McKinley
1363 Jefferson Ave
St Paul, MN 55105-2410

Drill

Clann's monthly drill will be held on the third Saturday of the month at Bossen Field by Lievtenant Eric and Hellen's home (5732 Bossen Terrace Apt#2), unless there is a scheduled Clann Event that weekend.
The time is NOON.
For directions, Lievtenant Eric can be contacted at: 612-726-6364 or eric@celticfringe.net

Wanted!

Submissions for the Newsletter!
Items you can submit include research articles, character sketches, and other items pertaining to living history and Scottish Culture. Email your items in either plain text, or MS Word format to newsletter@clanntartan.org or snail mail to our postal address.
Items must be received by the 15th of each month to be considered for inclusion for the upcoming months issue. Mailed submissions will not be returned unless requested. All pertinent submissions will be considered as space permits. All research articles must reference at least three sources. Submissions are NOT edited for spelling or grammar, but may be broken in multiple parts.



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Board Minutes

Minutes of Clann Tartan Board and Annual Membership Meeting
February 5, 2005

In attendance:  (Board) Mary McKinley, Herb Lindorff, Diana Steben, 
Bruce Yoder, Glenn McDavid, Rob Portinga, Brenda Bartel

(Staff) Marty Byers, Julie Yoder, Rob Johnson, Eric Ferguson

(Members) Anthea Cross, Mia McDavid, Hellen Ferguson, Mark Hansen

The minutes from the January Board meeting were approved.
 
OLD BUSINESS
============

STRALSUND
Per a membership vote years ago, in every other year Clann is to
undertake a major road trip.  After consideration of various 17th
Century reenactment events, the proposal for this year is to return to
the Siege of Stralsund--same event as in 2003.  David Vavreck is
requesting $2000 from Clann for this and is volunteering to help the
Staff with arrangements.

The sentiment was for this was generally favorable, but there was some
discussion of the finances.  Should it be a flat $2000 or be on a
per-person basis?  In past years members have always had some out of
pocket expenses on these trips.

Diana asked if there would be some funding source to compensate for the
expense.

A vote on this was postponed until the entire budget was presented.

REPORTS

Treasurer's Report:
Postponed until budget discussion.

Quartermaster's Report:
The new plaque for the Captain's award was presented.

Work weekends:  Saturdays, April 9 and 16, at the Garage.  We have all
the necessary tools and supplies.

Camp Rep:  No Report

Company Rep:  No Report

Dance Guild:  
More new members.  Mary said that we need a new site for
Wednesday dance so that we are not completely dependent on the
availability of one person.

Sword Guild:
Trying to schedule practise at Corcoran.

Historic Site:
The roof is finished.  Working on a shower and toilets.  Scheduling work
weekends for 2005.

Fibre Guild:
Mustered 8 people at the January Muster.  Planning on expansion of Guild
scope to include clothing.

Communications Committee:
Corrections have been made to the web site.

Immersion Committee:
No report -- has not yet met.

UPCOMING EVENTS

Albert Lea Historic Faire,  2/12-13.  Notify Rob if you plan to attend.

Scottish Ramble, 2/19-20

Tartan Day--planning meeting at Ramble.

Scottish Fair, 7/9.  Plans to include trappers and traders this year or
next.

Tactical, 7/16-17.  Will need policy for non-members.

Possible--Duluth Old World Ren Fair - June

Possible--Deer River "Contract in mail"

Maeve is working on contracts.

NEW BUSINESS

A proposal was made to have a special student membership category.
After some discussion, the proposal was revised to have simply a special
student rate of $10/year.  This was moved/seconded/passed.  Thanks to
Maeve for this excellent idea.

Clan School (aka Camp Drill, aka Study Hall, aka .....)
First meeting March 19 at the clubhouse of Jody's home.  This seems like
a good idea--will help with new members, group bonding, and provide some
continuity during the winter.  Some organization will be needed, and we
will have to see that key resource people are present.  Rob Johnson
(HCF) will work with Jody on logistics.  Clann will provide Jody with a
$50 check for the deposit.

Notes:  This is not a replacement for monthly military drill.
	It will count toward voting attendance.

On a related note, there was some concern about improving access
to the Clann library.

Voting Eligibility:  Marty proposed a revision in the rules.  This
provoked a general discussion on the current rules.  There is widespread
dissatisfaction with the general framework of those rules, not simply
the detailed provisions.  They are seen complicated, intimidating, and
exclusionary by some newer members.  Mary suggested that the rules
may be partly to blame for the membership decline in recent years.  
Some radical changes were suggested.  Mia and Glenn pointed out that
some large churches with substantial budgets have much simpler rules
than Clann.  Mary asked them to provide an example.

BUDGET PROPOSAL

About a $1000 deficit to be funded from existing cash reserves is
expected, though additional show income may improve the situation.

The Stralsund funding was revised to be $100 per head with a maximum of
$2000.  At least six people must attend.  The Captain, HCF, and Contract
Manager will work out the details.

The Stralsund plan was moved, seconded, and passed 13-1.

The Company Budget has no new equipment.  Marty and Judy will donate
whatever is necessary and will receive the apppropriate documentation
for the IRS.

The Overall budget was passed with one abstention.

BOARD ELECTIONS:

Bruce Yoder was re-elected as Vice President.

Glenn McDavid was re-elected as Secretary.

Brenda Bartel did not run for re-election as Company Rep and there were
no other candidates.  The position will remain open.

OTHER BUSINESS:

The Muster committee is looking for a summer Muster site, and are
considering a couple sites.  Eric noted that summer muster attendance
has declined lately and wondered if that could be reversed.

For New Members:  Mia will prepare a draft of a letter.  Marty will do
follow-up phone calls.

Eric reminded everybody to account for materials from the Clann library.

Next Board Meeting March 7, at the Yoders'.

Meeting adjourned.


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Board & Staff

If you need to contact someone associated with Clann Tartan, here is where you find out how. If you are unsure who to contact, you can always email us at: info@clanntartan.org

Board Members

President Mary McKinley 651-699-6853 mairi2@juno.com
Vice President Bruce Yoder 651-698-8375 bruceyoder@juno.com
Secretary Glenn McDavid 651-490-1842 gmcdavid@comcast.net
Treasurer Rob Portinga 651-253-4506 rob@portinga.org
Quarter Master Herb Lindorff 612-827-4440 deeptinker@hotmail.com
Camp Rep. Diana Steben 612-728-1189 Rillaspins@aol.com
Company Rep. Brenda Bartel 651-335-5097 socks142@aol.com

Staff

Captain Marty Byers 651.483.1173 mjlbyers@msn.com
Lieutenant Eric Ferguson 612.726.6364 eric@celticfringe.net
Head Campfollower Rob Johnson 612.702.4274  roguerpj@mn.rr.com
Assistant Head Campfollower Julie Yoder 651.698.8375 julieyoder@juno.com
Goodwife Judy Byers 651.483.1173 mjlbyers@msn.com
Goodwife Maeve Kane 952.461.4666  

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Guilds

Sword Guild:

I am now taking names of MEMBERS, who are interested in learning the period correct way to wield the blades we would have used. The methods will be totally Scottish and /or common to the Scottish Island.

But, first I need your name, mailing address, phone number and what type of sword you are interested in...and, do you have such a sword. When I have this information, we will set up a date and time to get together for our first exercise.

I hope to use some of what we learn in a skit or two during the coming years. The more blades we have to be used correctly the better we will be for the public.

So, get me this information soon and let's get started.

Marty L. Byers
651-483-1173


Dance

1st & 3rd Wednesdays
One Grenoble Ave, Inver Grove Heights, MN 55076

The community center for Skyline Village, on the east side of Concord St. at 75th St in Inver Grove Heights. About 2.5 miles south of I494

2nd & 4th Tuesdays
Saint Christopher's Episcopal Church, 2300 N Hamline Ave. in St. Paul.

It is at the northeast corner of Highway 36 and Hamline Avenue (Hamline is between Snelling and Lexington). The church is actually encircled by the highway entrance ramp.
The Dance Guild gathers weekly from 7PM-9PM to learn and practice historic Scottish country dances.
For more information call:

Mary at 651-699-6853 or Julie at 651-698-8375

It's a great place to meet people !

Other Guilds

Want to learn about wool spinning, weaving, or dying? Diana Steben (651-489-2881) and Kali Pederson (651-730-5437 ) organize the Fiber Guild.

Clann Tartan has our own historic site near Duluth MN. Dun Gowan is an ongoing project, which is the site of Gaffneyis Annual Tactical in July. We are finishing the fort and beginning the construction of a village this year. Contact David Vavreck at 612-378-1973 or baethan1630@yahoo.com for further information, or to volunteer to help.

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Captains Corner



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Articles

Baethan at the Moon

At the request of the Board of Directors, this new monthly column will address members' questions about, well, anything related to what we in Gaffneyis Regiment do. What is event X like? Are thingamajigs period? How do you make a whatzahoozits? Where do you get a fribber-frabber? Members are requested to send questions about anything pertinent to Baethan (David Vavreck) who can be reached at 612-378-1973, baethan1630@yahoo.com, or 1036 24th Avenue SE, Mpls. MN 55414

Rob Portinga asks "What's up with that Gaffneyis Own thing?"

Okay, so I paraphrased a bit.

As you know from reading your Manuals, we have four levels of Muster: Unsworn, Recruit, Veteran, and Gaffneyis Own.

These levels are designed not to be difficult, but rather to encourage practice and study by our members in order to better enable us to interpret the past to the public. The muster levels are also a way of publicly acknowledging those who have demonstrated a proficiancy in skills and scholarship.

Most of us concern ourselves with passing 2nd level, which gives the right to wear the cockade (which is itself our approximation of a field sign from our period).

After that, people tend to be less concerned about reaching the higher levels.

At present, there are only two active members who have reached fourth level – myself and Mary McKinley – as well as Charles Knutson.

The requirements for becoming one of Gaffneyis Own are few: one must first reach the preceeding three levels, then be acknowledged as an expert in something, publish an article on that area of expertise, and have that article reviewed by a panel of five appointed by the Staff, and then undergo an oral exam of all areas of focus - i.e. the specific topic of the research article as well as all the other stuff we do and should know.

There are three ways to be acknowledged as an expert in something - by demonstrating that something successfully, convincing someone on Staff or who is already one of Gaffneyis Own, or publishing an article on it.

What we generally require for an article to be published in the newsletter is a minmum of three listed sources. The article can be on pretty much anything even remotely related to what we as an organization do.

Examples of articles just off the top of my head include various weapons and tactics, specific historic events or people, any of the many possible crafts and skills from our period of focus, cooking gear, health care, what have you.

A couple members are working on a bibliography of all articles that have appeared in our newsletter since its first issue (April 1989, if you are curious).

The last step to become one of Gaffneyis Own is the review panel process. As this has only ever been done twice, the format is a little fluid. The Head Camp Follower and the Captain appoint five people (which may or may not include themselves) to be on this panel. People with related knowledge, as well as those who have already attained this level should fill out the remainder of the positions.

These five people are required to read the article and double-check it against the sources listed in it, and deal with any possible issues with the author.

Then comes the oral exam, which is about both the article and general knowledge of what we in Gaffneyis Regiment do. This includes drill, food, clothing, history, and the like.

Upon passing said exam, the member reaches the goal of being one of Gaffneyis own with all rights and priveledges pertaining thereto; In lieu of (or in addition to) the cockade, a member of Gaffneyis Own is allowed to werethe Gaffneyis Own baddge. This is a grey wolf's head (from Gaffneyis crest – see our ensign and tavern sign) surmounted by a crown (from King Gustave Adolph's crest).



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16th and 17th Century Lighting, part 2

David Vavreck

Simply put, lanterns are defined as containers used to protect one's light source – be it candle or lamp - from drafts and the elements. Lanterns could be made of many different materials including, wood, leather, and sheet iron, copper, tin, or bronze.

There are few surviving period lanterns. Objects of such day-to-day utility rarely survive to find their way into museums. One of our most fruitful sources for lanterns is art. For example, Pieter Brueghel's "The Gloomy Day" (1565 - see bibliography) has a nice depiction of one. Lanterns are also not common in the archaeological record, although with the advent of underwater archeology, this is changing – see below.

A common, relatively inexpensive type was the pierced lantern made of copper or tin, in use in Britain and Europe from the 17th c (Caspell p 239). These have no pane, but have many piercings, sometimes (but generally not until after the American Revolution) in attractive designs, to let some light out while protecting the candle from the wind (Gould and Gould p 242). They do not provide much light, but are enough to keep from falling into the well at night, which is the whole point of carrying a lantern.

A note, though, about the term - the word lantern itself was generally pronounced and spelled "lanthorn" (i.e. horn lamp) in our period. Glass - and especially glass panes - was terribly expensive until it was learned how to mass produce it in the 19th century. Horn was the most common material for lantern panes until about 1850 (Robins p 129). In fact, translucent cattle horn panes were one of the most important products made by horners throughout their existence, excelled in prominence perhaps only by hair combs. Eighteen lanthorns – and no glass lanterns - were recovered from the Mary Rose, sunk in 1545 (Hildred pp 60 – 62). A remarkably similar example has been recovered from an unidentified early-mid 15th century English (?) wreck (L'Hour and Veyrat p 293), and there are further early 16th – late 17th century examples from the Cattewater and La Trinidad Valencera wrecks (Redknap pp 76, 80).

reproduction of Guy Fawkes lanthorn (1605), the second shows it with the internal light safe cylinder closed – the candle inside is still lit; photo courtesy of its maker, "Sweetness and Light"

A very rare surviving non-excavated lanthorn is that used by Guy Fawkes under Parliament on 5Nov1605 when he was caught trying to blow up Parliament while it was being formally opened by King James VI and I. In 1641, our hero's lanthorn was donated to Oxford University by Robert Brasenose, son of the justice of the peace that arrested Fawkes. This iron lanthorn has a rotating cylinder inside the main body of the lantern, which can be rotated to block the light, darkening the candle without having to blow it out.. It now resides in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford (see bibliography).

another 17th century reproduction by Sweetness and Light; this one is a copy of the town crier's lanthorn, which has a hook to mount it on a pole, rather than the more usual ring. Photo courtesy of its maker.

The author's lanthorn

Other pane materials of which I have found record include waxed linen - one excavated Armada ship, La Trinidad Valencera, had half its lanterns with horn panes, the other half with waxed linen; again no glass lanterns were recovered (Martin pp 9 – 10). Mica, imported from Russia to England by the 16th c, and known as "Muscovy glass" (Robins p 130) or "talc" (Caspell p 227) was also used for both lantern panes and windows - the window panes in English ships' galleries were always of mica until 1702, when they began to be replaced by glass (Lavery p 176). Occasionally oiled paper was used for panes in Europe (Robins p 130). Vellum was also used in Britain from the Viking period to the 19th c (Burrows, pers. comm.) One last, albeit exotic, documented pane material is cut from the windowpane oyster, native to the Philippines; one such lantern was recovered from the 1697 wreck of the Spanish San Antonio de Tanna at Mombasa, Kenya (Sasoon p 35).

In addition to being more appropriate for 17th century reenactors, all of these glass pane alternatives give a more aesthetically pleasing glow with less glare than glass panes.

As with anything, non-period lighting should be stowed out of sight during public hours. But having period lighting will also add ambiance to our site in the evening.

Lighting tips and options for reenactors:

It is a bad idea to leave anything burning unattended. Tent fires are no fun.

Replace the panes in a glass lantern with a more appropriate material.

Use a rush lamp – our own Don Chesney makes them.

Lanthorns of very good quality are available from Sweetness and Light; see under Fisher in bibliography.

Failing that, make your own lantern using horn, waxed linen, vellum, oiled paper, or mica for the panes; given that the Black Hills are full of mica, the stuff should be fairly available around these parts.

Buy a pierced lantern. These are readily available from both the standard rendezvous suppliers such as Jas. Townsend & Son or Smoke and Fire, as well as a from numerous tin-working reenactors. Look around.

If you think you "must" have a glass-paned lamp (at several events, I have been able to read in my tent at night without even lighting a candle), try to get one with small panes; see, for example, the Barn Lantern (part #FL-3) available from Jas. Townsend & Son, Inc.; see their catalog or online at
http://jas-townsend.com/product_info.php?cPath=28&products_id=44

Bibliography

Arnold, J. Barto III, ed. Beneath the Waters of Time: the Proceedings of the Ninth Conference on Underwater Archeology. Texas Antiquities Committee, Austin 1978

Ashmolean Museum website http://www.ashmol.ox.ac.uk/. Guy Fawkes' lanthorn is found at http://www.ashmol.ox.ac.uk/ash/objectofmonth/2002-11/history.htm. Accessed 9Feb2005.

Brueghel, Pieter. "The Gloomy Day". 1565. In the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna. Viewable in numerous art books or online at
http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/b/bruegel/pieter_e/painting/ Look in the lower right corner of the painting to find the lanthorn.

Burroughs, Gerry. Personal Communication dated 14Feb2005. Mr. Burrows makes rather affordable vellum lanterns in England, but unfortunately they cannot be imported to the US. See his website at http://www.gerry-burrows.co.uk/index.htm; the lantern is pictured at http://www.gerry-burrows.co.uk/lighting.htm

Caspell, John. Making Fire & Light in the home pre-1820. Antique Collectors' Club, Woodbridge, Suffolk, England 1987

Fisher, Mary and Malcolm. This couple in England manufactures lanterns, rush nips, as well as a variety of other domestic reproduction goods. Sweetness and Light is the name of their business. http://www.candlemaker.org.uk/

Gould, Mr. And Mrs. G. Glen. Period Lighting Fixtures. Dodd, Mead, & Co. NY 1928

Hildred, Alex. "The material culture of the Mary Rose (1545) as a fighting vessel: the uses of wood". pp 51 - 72 in Artefacts from Wrecks: dated assemblages from the Late Middle Ages to the Industrial Revolution, Mark Redknap, editor. Oxbow Books, Oakville, CT 1997

Lavery, Brian. The Arming and Fitting of English Ships of War 1600 – 1815. Naval Institute Press, Annapolis 1987

L'Hour, Michel and Veyrat, Elisabeth. "A mid-15th century clinker boat off the north coast of France, the Aber Wrac'h I wreck: A preliminary report". International Journal for Nautical Archaeology 18.4 pp 285 – 298, 1989

Martin, Colin. "Ships as integrated artifacts: the archaeological potential". pp 1 - 13 in Artefacts from Wrecks: dated assemblages from the Late Middle Ages to the Industrial Revolution. Mark Redknap, editor. Oxbow Books, Oakville, CT 1997

Redknap, Mark. "Reconstructing 16th -century ship culture from a partially excavated site: the Cattewater wreck". Pp 73 – 85 in Redknap, Mark, ed. Artefacts from Wrecks: dated assemblages from the Late Middle Ages to the Industrial Revolution. Oxbow Books, Oakville, CT 1997

Redknap, Mark, ed. Artefacts from Wrecks: dated assemblages from the Late Middle Ages to the Industrial Revolution. Oxbow Books, Oakville, CT 1997

Robins, F. W. Story of the Lamp (and the Candle). Oxford University Press, London 1939

Sasoon, Hamo. "Marine Thoughts of a Land Archeologist derived from the Mombasa Wreck excavation". Pp 33 – 37 in Beneath the Waters of Time: the Proceedings of the Ninth Conference on Underwater Archeology. J. Barto Arnold III, ed. Texas Antiquities Committee, Austin 1978



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Calendar of Events

Be sure to contact your staff
if you plan on attending a show event. Try to give at least a ten day notice when possible. This allows proper planning for the feeding of our members, and in some cases is required by event organizers to allow entry as a participant.
You can call any of the staff members listed, or send an email to staff@clanntartan.org.

April 2005

SUNDAY MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY
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TARTAN DAY!!!!!!!
At the State Capitol in St. Paul
Also Dance night  
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Dance 
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Drill 
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Night at the Pub
7PM @ Molly Quinn's
in Minneapolis 
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Dance 
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Dance 
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May 2005

SUNDAY MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY
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Dance 
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Dance 
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Dance 
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Drill 
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Dance 
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Maps

Map to Inver Grove Heights location- Dance Map to St. Paul location St. Christopher's- Dance
Map to Board Meetings
Bruce and Julie Yoder's Home
Map to Board/Quarterly/Annual Meetings
Corcoran Park, Minneapolis

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Event Maps and Notification

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