Welcome to the Online Clann Tartan Newsletter for December 2005


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Announcements

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Clann Tartan is pleased to announce the opening of Colonel Gaffneis Official Sutlery!

Currently we offer tee shirts, sweatshirts, tank tops, mugs, mouse pads, bumper stickers, bibs, infant creepers, steins and totes with a variety of designs.

The online store can be found at www.cafepress.com/clanntartan.

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Still looking for thoughts on Why We Do What We Do

—and what will make it more fun for you.

What are you looking for in Clann? What can we do better? What are we doing well? Please let us know—we all want this to be a fun, fulfilling experience for everyone.

Send info to Mary McKinley at the previously posted info—snail mail:
Mary McKinley
1363 Jefferson Ave
St Paul, MN 55105-2410

Drill

Clann's monthly drill will be held on the third Saturday of the month at Bossen Field by Eric and Hellen's home (5732 Bossen Terrace Apt#2), unless there is a scheduled Clann Event that weekend.
The time is NOON.
For directions, Eric can be contacted at: 612-726-6364 or eric@celticfringe.net

Wanted!

Submissions for the Newsletter!
Items you can submit include research articles, character sketches, and other items pertaining to living history and Scottish Culture. Email your items in either plain text, or MS Word format to newsletter@clanntartan.org or snail mail to our postal address.
Items must be received by the 15th of each month to be considered for inclusion for the upcoming months issue. Mailed submissions will not be returned unless requested. All pertinent submissions will be considered as space permits. All research articles must reference at least three sources. Submissions are NOT edited for spelling or grammar, but may be broken in multiple parts.



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Board Minutes

Minutes of Clann Tartan Board Meeting
October 3, 2005

In attendance:  (Board) Sean McCanna, Bruce Yoder, Mary McKinley, 
Diana Steben, Glenn McDavid, David Vavreck

(Staff) Julie Yoder, Marty Byers, Maeve Kane, Rob Johnson


Minutes of the September Meeting were approved as corrected.

UPCOMING EVENTS

Mankato and Winona.  We are short of members who will be attending
these events, especially on School Days, where we will almost certainly
be under our 6 member minimum.  At present we do not have a signed
contract with either event.  The suggestion was made that we should
cancel.  However, those who plan to attend believe they can cope with
the situation.  The Board voted to proceed with the events with one
abstention.  Staff will discuss the events after the Board meeting

Halloween -- Corcoran.  May be moved to Powderhorn Park, but that would
not affect our participation.

Stralsund -- We have six people committed to attend, with deposits.  A
van is available for the trip.  One is a minor unrelated to any other
participant.  This requires extra paperwork, but we did it in 2003 and
can repeat the process.  So things look good.

Winter Carnival -- Maeve will investigate.  This tricky because we
cannot start the application process until quite late.

VP REPORT
=========
New member:  Sarah Shaftman joined at Big Island.

Checked with the Secretary of State.  Our form was still not processed.
Bruce persuaded the office to get it done and got the address changed to
Mary's home.

IRS:  We have not filed the 990 form for several years because our
income was below the minimum.  As a result we faded off their radar, and
needed to remind them of our existence before filing a change of
address.  

TREASURER
=========
The check from Big Island has been deposited.  However, the Treasurer
did not have a written report.  The President expressed her concern
about this--we need to have a report for the November members meeting.
The Treasurer said he would submit a report by Saturday, October 8.

QUARTERMASTER
=============
No report

CAMP REP
========
No camp issues.

Diana was the only member at Camp Drill on Saturday, September 24, but
she got considerable interest from local children.  Next camp drill will
be October 22.

COMPANY REP
===========
Still following up on the issue from Tactical (See last month's minutes 
http://www.clanntartan.org/newsletter/clannnewsletter-november2005.html#board) GUILDS ====== DRUM - No report DANCE - No dance Wednesday, October 5. We do not yet have a site for Wednesdays. However Laurie and Herb have a strong possibility in Minneapolis, and are working to secure it for our use. Tuesdays at St. Christoper's are still fine, and member donations are covering the cost. Sarah Shaftman, who joined at Big Island, is another fiddler for us. FIBER - Mercedes Tuma-Hansen has become an active spinner. Demos at Big Island went well. The spinning basket has proven to be awkward to transport to events. It would be better to transfer the contents to an appropiately labeled box. Rob will follow up with Herb. HISTORIC SITE - Tactical next year (2006) will be the same weekend as the Minnesota Scottish Fair and Highland Games. No new information about work weekends. OTHER REPORTS ============= COMMUNICATIONS COMMITTEE - We lost the web site over the weekend of October 1-2, because the ISP (Dotservant.com) was not paid. The bill had gone to the previous Treasurer, who had not forwarded it. The Tartan Day Minnesota site is also part of our account, and so also went down. This was immediately noticed by Babs Humphrey, who e-mailed Glenn and Mary. Upon returning from Big Island Sunday Glenn contacted Dotservant and requested that management of the account be transferred to him. This was done and Glenn was able to pay the bill on Monday morning, after which the web sites were again available. The Board thanked Glenn for his quick action in resolving this problem. Glenn said that he had used a personal credit card to pay this bill, since the did not have access to the Clan Debit card information. While he was reimbursed, it would have been more appropriate to use the Clan Debit card for this sort of business. The Board agreed and gave him the card information. Maeve noted that the same considerations applied to the CafePress account, and the same arrangements were made there. MANUAL REVISION - Running slow. Hope to get electronic copy of new version in November. PAPER DOLLS - No reply has been received to the question about printing costs raised two months ago. Meeting Adjourned at 8:09 PM. Next meeting at noon, Saturday, 11/5 at Corcoran.

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Board & Staff

If you need to contact someone associated with Clann Tartan, here is where you find out how. If you are unsure who to contact, you can always email us at: info@clanntartan.org

Board Members

President Mary McKinley 651-699-6853 mairi2@juno.com
Vice President Position vacant
Secretary Glenn McDavid 651-490-1842 gmcdavid@comcast.net
Treasurer Bruce Yoder 651-698-8375 bruceyoder@juno.com
Quarter Master Herb Lindorff 612-827-4440 deeptinker@hotmail.com
Camp Rep. Diana Steben 612-728-1189 Rillaspins@aol.com
Company Rep. Sean McCanna  952-926-1279   macbaird@lycos.com  

Staff

Chief of Staff Rob Johnson 612.702.4274  roguerpj@mn.rr.com
Head Campfollower Julie Yoder 651.698.8375 julieyoder@juno.com
Captain Marty Byers 651.483.1173 twolodge@yahoo.com
Henchmen Eric Ferguson 612.726.6364 eric@celticfringe.net
Henchman David Vavreck 612-378-1973 baethan1630@yahoo.com
Henchwoman Mia McDavid 651-490-1842 mia_mcdavid@comcast.net 
Henchwoman Maeve Kane 952.461.4666 mollmccaine@aol.com 
Henchwoman Betsy Bolton 612-359-1089  basil80@hotmail.com 

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Guilds

Sword Guild:

I am now taking names of MEMBERS, who are interested in learning the period correct way to wield the blades we would have used. The methods will be totally Scottish and /or common to the Scottish Island.

But, first I need your name, mailing address, phone number and what type of sword you are interested in...and, do you have such a sword. When I have this information, we will set up a date and time to get together for our first exercise.

I hope to use some of what we learn in a skit or two during the coming years. The more blades we have to be used correctly the better we will be for the public.

So, get me this information soon and let's get started.

Sword Drill meets the THIRD Thursday of Every month, LOCATION TO BE ANNOUNCED. In December, it will be on the 15th.

Marty L. Byers
twolodge@yahoo.com
651-483-1173


Dance

1st & 3rd Wednesdays
DANCE FOR WEDNESDAYS IS LOOKING FOR A NEW HOME. PLEASE NOTIFY JULIE OR MARY IF YOU HAVE ANY LEADS. TBA, Contact the Dancemistress' Mary at 651-699-6853 or Julie at 651-698-8375

2nd & 4th Tuesdays
Saint Christopher's Episcopal Church, 2300 N Hamline Ave. in St. Paul.

It is at the northeast corner of Highway 36 and Hamline Avenue (Hamline is between Snelling and Lexington). The church is actually encircled by the highway entrance ramp.
The Dance Guild gathers weekly from 7PM-9PM to learn and practice historic Scottish country dances.
For more information call:

Mary at 651-699-6853 or Julie at 651-698-8375

It's a great place to meet people !

Other Guilds

Want to learn about wool spinning, weaving, or dying? Diana Steben (651-489-2881) and Kali Pederson (651-730-5437 ) organize the Fiber Guild.

Clann Tartan has our own historic site near Duluth MN. Dun Gowan is an ongoing project, which is the site of Gaffneyis Annual Tactical in July. We are finishing the fort and beginning the construction of a village this year. Contact David Vavreck at 612-378-1973 or baethan1630@yahoo.com for further information, or to volunteer to help.

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Articles

Religion in the Scottish Highlands: 1600-1650

Presbies, Papists, Piskies, and Puritans

By Glenn McDavid

Introduction

To understand the religion of the Highlands during the Clann Tartan period we need to consider the overall religious history of Scotland and the specific characteristics of the Highlands. The fundamental religious issue of the age in Scotland, and indeed of all western Europe was the Protestant Reformation and the Catholic reaction to it, both of which originated in the previous century. The religious issues are at the root of the Thirty Years War, which is the basis of our 1630 scenario. The Army of Gustavus Adolphus, including the Scottish mercenaries, saw itself as fighting for the Protestant cause. This is obvious from Monro's memoirs.

The British Civil Wars (1639-1650) are also partly a religious conflict: Scottish Presbyterians supported the English Puritans who controlled Parliament. They were opposed by Episcopalians (Anglicans) fighting for the Crown, often allied with Catholics. Highlanders were represented on all sides.

The Reformation and Afterwards

The Reformation in Scotland made little progress until the arrival of John Knox, after which it advanced rapidly. In 1560 the Scottish Parliament abolished Papal jurisdiction, outlawed the Mass, and made the Church of Scotland officially Presbyterian, following the model of John Calvin in Geneva. The new Church (Kirk) imposed a very puritanical code, including the prohibition of Christmas festivities.

In the Highlands the immediate impact of the Reformation was less drastic. They were remote from Edinburgh, both geographically and linguistically, and at first few ministers of the Kirk ventured there. However, the Catholics in the Highlands were cut off from the wider Church. There was no system to replace priests who died or were otherwise unable or unwilling to serve. By 1600 there were only about 12 Catholic priests in all of Scotland, none of whom served in the Highlands. Despite this many Highlanders remained devoted to the old religion and continued to follow Catholic practises in so far as was possible.

In 1619 the Catholic Church finally began to address the needs of the faithful in the Highlands. In 1619 a mission of Irish Franciscans arrived and found a fertile field for their labors. Their base was in Antrim, close to the Scottish coast, and where the Earl was a MacDonald and maintained close ties with his Scottish kin. Furthermore, as Gaelic speakers they were able to communicate with their flock, few of whom spoke Scots or English. They and their successors reported considerable success in reconciling Highlanders to Catholicism, but were always limited by their small numbers. As late as 1679 there were only four priests for all of the Highland and Islands.

As time passed the new Presbyterian Church began to make itself felt in the Highlands. Highlanders were strongly inclined to follow the lead of their chiefs, and the conversion of a chief often, though not always, caused the Clan to follow. Archibald, fourth Earl of Argyll and Chief of Clan Campbell, was an early convert to the Protestant Faith and after his death in 1558 his son, another Archibald, continued to energetically support the new religion.

The authority of the chief is illustrated by a story from the Island of Rum:

"The inhabitants are fifty-eight families, who continued Papists for some time after the Laird became a Protestant. Their adherence to their old religion was strengthened by the countenance of the Laird's sister, a zealous Romanist, till one Sunday, as they were going to mass under the conduct of their patroness, Maclean [the Laird] met them on the way, gave one of them a blow on the head with a yellow stick, I suppose a cane, for which the Earse [Irish/Highlanders] had no name, and drove them to the kirk, from which they have never since departed. Since the use of this method of conversion, the inhabitants of Egg and Canna, who continue Papists, call the Protestantism of Rum, the religion of the Yellow Stick." (Johnson, Journey)

The progress of the Kirk was further encouraged by the Scottish Government. The Statutes of Iona, passed in 1609, required that Highland Chiefs send their heirs to the lowlands, to be educated in English speaking Protestant schools. As a result some clans, such as the MacDonalds of Sleat and the MacLeods of Harris adopted the new religion.

Other Clans, including the MacDonalds of Clanranald, Keppoch, Glengarry, and Glencoe, renamed resolutely Catholic. In response to the Protestant threat, in 1626 the Chief of Clanranald wrote to Pope Urban VII:

...the darkness I mean of error, which the turbulent detested followers of the accursed faithless Calvin had introduced, through the violence and tyranny of the Council of Scotland, through lying pseudo-bishops [see below] and fraudulent ministers... It is certain and evident (since it is already known in the council of Scotland that we have received the true faith) that we shall be compelled to the renunciation of it or to the loss of temporal goods and life, or both, as has frequently happened, not only to Scots but also to many Irish... our country and islands ... are far removed from the incursions and outrages of the English to whom we have never at all given obedience. All the Gaelic-speaking Scots and the greater part of the Irish chieftains joined to us by ties of friendship..." (Newton, Gaelic)

The Kirk was hostile to the traditional Gaelic culture of the Highlands, and attempted to abolish many "immoral", "uncivil", and "heathenish" practises. Among these were dancing, herb lore, Yule-tide dramas, Samhainn bonfires, and the veneration of holy wells. The intent was to remake the Highlanders in the image of their lowland neighbors, even in language. As late as 1716 the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge was committed to "rooting out their Irish [Gaelic] language." (Newton, Handbook, p. 216).

A few powerful chiefs were able to achieve some peace between the Protestant Faith and Highland Culture. Notable among these were the Campbells of Argyll. Despite their loyalty to Kirk and (most of the time) Crown, they maintained a Gaelic Court at Inverary Castle. (McLeod, p. 201)

Protestant Split: The Wars of the Three Kingdoms

King James VI of Scotland became King James I of England in 1603, Like Scotland, the larger kingdom was also Protestant, but quite different in character. Queen Elizabeth, out of both politics and conviction, prevented the English Puritans from imposing as thorough a Reformation as occurred in Scotland. The Church of England retained a set liturgy and government by bishops--Episcopacy--although the official theology was then, like that of the Kirk, very Calvinist. While some puritans hoped he would complete the Reformation of the English church along Scottish lines, in fact the opposite happened. King James quickly took a liking to Episcopacy, remarking that "a Scottish Presbytery agreeth as well with a monarchy as God with the devil." He went on to appoint three Bishops for the Church of Scotland, which maintained an uneasy mix of Presbyterian and Episcopal government down to 1637.

King James did not go much beyond this. Honed during his difficult early years as King of Scotland, his political instincts were excellent. He would have preferred that the Church of Scotland were more like that of England, but he also understood the strength of his opponents, and knew how far he could push them.

His son, Charles I, who became King in 1625, was also devoted to the the Church of England. By then that Church was evolving its own distinctive character. Many Catholic practises, abolished in the previous century, were reintroduced by the Bishops and their supporters, subsequently known as the Carolines. The new leadership also backed away from the strict predestination of the Calvinists, allowing more theological room for free will. These tendencies were favored by the King, but were regarded with horror by the Puritans, such as Peter Smart, who condemned "these monstrous hell hounds of Durham and York [the Bishops], these popish, heretical, Arminian, schismatical innovators, and most pernicious corrupters of religion amongst us:" (Early Stuart England)

Like his father, Charles I believed in the Divine Right of Kings. However, he lacked his father's sense of the political limits of the Royal power. In 1637 his Bishops published a Scottish version of the Anglican Book of Common Prayer, which was actually more "Catholic" than its English counterpart. At its first use, on July 23 of that year, it provoked a riot. The Kirk, very much in sympathy with the English Puritans, totally rejected the book and everything it stood for. The following year the National Covenant was signed, firmly opposed to Episcopacy and anything smacking of Catholicism.

King Charles then decided to impose Episcopacy and the Prayer Book by force, using an English Army. The result was the Bishops' Wars of 1639 and 1640. Limited by the King's difficulties with the English Parliament, his armies were untrained, poorly equipped and badly led. As a result they were easily beaten by their Scottish opponents. The Covenanters remained firmly in control and the King's position in England was badly weakened. The English Civil War, between King and Parliament, broke out two years later. Official Scottish opinion was firmly on the Parliamentary side, and in 1643 Scotland entered the war against the King.

The impact of these events in the Highlands was quite complicated. The Campbells firmly supported the Covenanters, as did the Frasers, Grants, Monros, and Rosses, but many other Highlanders were not so enthusiastic. The Catholics, of course, had no reason to fight for the Covenant. The intervention of a Scottish army on behalf of Ulster Protestants further alienated them--the native Irish were not only their co-religionists, but in many cases also their relatives. In the western Highlands and Islands many clans had suffered greatly from the growing power of the Campbells. Whatever their religion, they were understandably reluctant to follow a cause embraced by their enemies. All of these reasons applied to the Southern MacDonalds, and some of them plotted an uprising in the King's name against the Campbells. Little came of this in 1639-40, but these were precisely the motives that led Alasdair MacColla to join the Marquis of Montrose in a spectacular campaign againt the Covenanters five years later.

Among the Protestants, some Highlanders were not nearly as Puritanical as a Covenanter would wish. As late as 1669 a Catholic observer noted that some "heretics"

"cease not, however, to cherish a great esteem for the Catholics, as appears in many things. If a priest visits them they show him more respect and honour him more than their own ministers. In fact the heretics amongst the Highlanders surpass in reverence for our priests the very Catholics of the Lowlands. They moreover retain many Catholic usages, such as making the sign of the Cross, the invocation of Saints and sprinkling themselves with Holy Water; which they anxiously ask from their Catholic neighbours. In sickness they make pilgrimages to the ruins of the old churches and chapels which yet remain, as of the most noble monastery of Iona, where St Columba was Abbot: also of the chapels of Ghierlock and Applecrosse and Glengarry which were once dedicated to the saints. They also visit the holy springs which yet retain the names of the saints to whom they were dedicated and it has often pleased the Most High to restore to their health those who visited these ruins or drank at these springs invoking the aid of these saints. (MacKenzie, Catholic Barra)

Finally, many Highland Protestants simply remained loyal to the King. Despite his faults, they did not believe Parliament had the right to supplant his authority. This, along with the retention of Catholic practises, would lead them to favor the Episcopalian party over the Covenanters. Even after the Kirk became finally Presbyterian in 1689, a lot of Highlanders remained loyal to the then disestablished Episcopal Church.

The divided religious loyalties of the Highlanders were to have consequences far into the future. Politically, support of the Stewart King had united Highland Catholics with many of their Protestant neighbors. This alliance was to appear again in the Jacobite rebellions of 1689, 1715, and 1745.

References

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Calendar of Events

Be sure to contact your staff
if you plan on attending a show event. Try to give at least a ten day notice when possible. This allows proper planning for the feeding of our members, and in some cases is required by event organizers to allow entry as a participant.
You can call any of the staff members listed, or send an email to staff@clanntartan.org.

DECEMBER 2005

SUNDAY MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY

 
1  2
 
3
 
4
 
5
Board Meeting
7PM @Bruce and Julie's  
6
 
7
 
8
 
9
 
10
 
11
 
12
 
13
Dance
 
14
 
15
Sword Drill
LOCATION TBA
Call Marty 651.483.1173
twolodge@yahoo.com
 
16
 
17
 
18
 
19
 
20
Night at the Pub
TBA for location 
21
 
22

 
23
 
24
CAMP DRILL
10AM to 4PM
Please call a staff
member for location 
25
 
26
 
27
Dance 
28
 
29
 
30
 
31
 

JANUARY 2006

SUNDAY MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY
1
FIRST FOOTING 
2
Board Meeting
7PM @Bruce and Julie's  
3
 
4
 
5
 
6
 
7
 
8
 
9
 
10
Dance 
11
 
12
 
13
 
14
 
15
 
16
 
17

 
18
 
19
Sword Drill
LOCATION TBA
Call Marty 651.483.1173
twolodge@yahoo.com
 
20
 
21
 
22
 
23
 
24
Dance 
25
 
26

 
27
 
28
Grande Day Parade
1.30 pm
Call your staff for
details on where to meet.

****
CAMP DRILL
10AM to 4PM
Please call a staff
member for location 
29
 
30
 
31
 

 

Tentative Event Schedule for the 2006 Season:

Vulcan Victory Torchlight Parade Saturday, Feb 4 2006 6.00pm Call your staff for details on where to meet.
Scottish Ramble 2nd weekend of February Landmark Center Saint Paul, MN
Charles City Military History Days Second Weekend in May http://hometown.aol.com/daveww2/CHARLESCITYclub.html Charles City, IA 3 hr drive - Military history only
Wisconsin Renaissance Faire All weekends in June www.wirenfaire.com Very tenative Chippewa Falls, WI 1 ½ hr drive
Olde World Renaissance FaireSecond Weekend in June http://www.owrenaissancefaire.com/ Twig, MN 2 ½ hr drive Small, education oriented renfair
Minnesota Scottish Fair and Highland Games Third Weekend of July http://www.mnscottishfair.org/ Farmington, MN 40 min drive
Dun Gowan Tactical--contracted Third Weekend of July www.dungowan.com Freeburg, MN 3 hr drive Non-public event
Deer River Rendezvous First Week of August www.whiteoak.org White Oak, MN 4 hr drive Clann will be paid for public days only Majority of the days are closed to public
Wisconsin Scottish Highland Games Labor Day Weekend http://www.wisconsinscottish.org/ Waukesha, WI 4 ½ hr drive
Big Island Rendezvous First Weekend of October Albert Lea, MN
Mankato History Fest 2nd Weekend in October Mankato, MN
Big Muddy River Rendezvous 3rd Weekend in October Winona, MN

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Maps

 
Map to Board Meetings
Bruce and Julie Yoder's Home
 
Map to St. Paul location St. Christopher's- Dance
Map to Board/Quarterly/Annual Meetings
Corcoran Park, Minneapolis 

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Event Maps and Notification

Grande Day Parade - St. Paul, MN
Saturday, Jan 28 2006
1.30 pm

Vulcan Victory Torchlight Parade - St. Paul, MN
Saturday, Feb 4 2006
6.00pm

Call your staff for details on where to meet.

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